In the US, electric vehicles are driven fewer miles than internal combustion engine vehicles, unlike in other parts of the world.

In the United States, electric vehicles (EVs) are found to average less annual mileage compared to gasoline and diesel vehicles, according to a report by the Department of Energy (DOE). However, this trend is not observed in other countries with significant EV fleets, where EVs tend to accumulate more mileage annually. This discrepancy in driving behavior raises questions about the impact of EVs on oil demand and emissions, as well as the role of EVs as primary or secondary vehicles in different markets.

### U.S. vs. International EV Mileage Trends
The 2022 National Household Travel Survey in the U.S. revealed that EVs averaged 12,400 miles per year, while gasoline vehicles averaged 14,100 miles and diesel vehicles reached a high of 17,500 miles annually. In contrast, EVs in countries like China, the Netherlands, and Norway were found to travel significantly more than internal combustion vehicles, with increases ranging from 40% to 66% in annual mileage. This discrepancy suggests that EVs are being used differently in various markets, with implications for energy consumption and environmental impact.

### Battery Size and Driving Behavior
One factor that may explain the lower annual mileage of U.S. EVs is the relatively small battery sizes of plug-in hybrids in the market. While these vehicles may cover shorter distances on electric power alone, they, too, contribute to overall driving patterns and fuel consumption. As Bloomberg New Energy Finance (BNEF) pointed out, smaller batteries and longer driving distances could result in relatively few electric miles being driven, which could impact oil demand and emissions calculations.

### Impact on Emissions Models
A study by George Washington University and the DOE’s National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) highlighted the discrepancy in driving habits between EVs and gasoline vehicles. The study found that EV drivers tend to drive less than their gasoline counterparts, which could challenge emissions models and assumptions about the environmental benefits of EV adoption. It is essential to consider how driving behavior influences the overall sustainability of the EV sector and the potential for reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

### Long-Range EVs as Primary Vehicles
The availability of long-range EVs has expanded the options for consumers, prompting questions about whether EVs are being used as primary or secondary vehicles. While some data suggest that Americans may view long-range EVs as secondary vehicles, leading to lower annual mileage, the situation is more complex in other parts of the world. Understanding the role of EVs in various markets and driving contexts is crucial for developing effective policies and strategies to promote sustainable transportation.

### Unique Challenges and Opportunities in the U.S.
The discrepancy in EV mileage trends between the U.S. and other countries underscores the need for tailored solutions to address the challenges of electric vehicle adoption. It is essential to consider the driving patterns, infrastructure needs, and policy incentives that can influence the uptake of EVs as primary modes of transportation. By examining the unique factors shaping EV usage in the U.S., stakeholders can develop strategies to maximize the environmental and economic benefits of electric mobility while overcoming barriers to adoption.

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